Mango is one of the popular fruits in the world due to its attractive color, delicious taste and excellent nutritional properties. Known for its sweet fragrance and flavor, the mango has delighted the senses for more than 4000 years. A celebrated fruit, mango, now produced in most of the tropical parts of the globe.

Saturday, January 9, 2010

Green Revolution of Mango

Green Revolution of Mango
Mango has become a major fruit crop of the tropics and subtropics, particularly in Asia, where mango has always been the most important fruit crop and here it has been considered the ‘king of fruits.

A generation ago, the Green Revolution culminated, creating surpluses of staple and horticultural crops in many developing countries.

The Green Revolution was the result of nearly a century of effort of applying Mendelian genetics to crop improvement (i.e. conventional breeding) together with optimization of agronomic and horticultural practices and the successful management of insect pests and diseases.

However, improvement of tree crops has lagged behind crops for several reasons: their heterogeneity, polyploidy, lengthy juvenile period, time required for evaluation of tree in the field and the relatively high cost of maintaining tree paintings.

For the most part, fruit cultivars continue to be ancient selections, many of which have serious problem, including alternate bearing lack of disease of resistance, low yields, etc.

The rapid growth of mango production in recent years has been due to its expansion into growing regions of the New World, China and parts of Africa; the planting of regular bearing selections; and the adoptions of modern field practices, which include irrigation management control of flowering, etc.

Agricultural practices are currently undergoing another revolution as integrated pest and disease management replaces the earlier reliance on agrichemicals and merging fields within biotechnology begun to impact cultivar development.
Green Revolution of Mango
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